Language

Familia Tepano

Rapa Nui is a Polynesian language, thus, it is different from other Indoamerican languages spoken in the country.

It belongs to the Polynesian branch of the austronesic family, a group of languages distributed from the Southeast Asia to Easter Island.

The Rapa Nui people is a culturally and linguistically distinct ethnic group in the Chilean territory, incorporated to the country in 1888.

Currently, the Rapa Nui are bilingual, speaking both Spanish and their original language, the Vaná a Rapa Nui. Children in the island speak the Rapa Nui until they enter school, where they learn Spanish, used as a second language in their relations with the continent.

Language III

Foto: T ierra del Fuego. Habitat del pueblo yagan

Yagán vocabulary and phrases: (by Oscar Aguilera - Etnolongüista)

Day = mólla

Star = apærnix

Blaze = tumölöxtæka

Moon = hanúxa

Rain = pælaxa (variante: pálaxa)

Fog = háokà

Heart = sæskin

Wolf of two hairs = tapöra

común Wolf = áma ['áma]

Dog = jesæla

Blood = sápa

Water = síma

Arm = kamæn (variantes: kamön, kæme, káme)

Canoe = ánan

Ashes= axuá (variante: ahuá)

Woman = kíppa (variante: xíppa; híppa)

Man = jámana

Language II

Mujer yagan tejiendo canastos

Yagán vocabulary and phrases:

Áfua: ashes

Hidabuan: Divinity

Curipic: Malignant spirit

Tápas: House

Kina: Rite that honours the time of the matriarchy.

Kipa: Woman